TheÂ guitarÂ is aÂ frettedÂ musical instrumentÂ that usually has sixÂ strings.Â The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box (for anÂ acoustic guitar), or throughÂ electrical amplifier and a speakerÂ (for anÂ electric guitar). It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with aÂ pickÂ while fretting (or pressing against theÂ frets) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type ofÂ chordophone, traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut,Â nylonÂ or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by theÂ gittern, theÂ vihuela, the four-courseÂ Renaissance guitar, and the five-courseÂ baroque guitar, all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument.
There are three main types of modernÂ acousticÂ guitar: theÂ classical guitarÂ (nylon-string guitar), theÂ steel-string acoustic guitar, and theÂ archtop guitar, which is sometimes called a “jazz guitar“. The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the strings’ vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar, which acts as aÂ resonating chamber. The classical guitar is often played as aÂ soloÂ instrument using a comprehensiveÂ finger-pickingÂ technique where each string is plucked individually by the player’s fingers, as opposed to being strummed. The term “finger-picking” can also refer to a specific tradition of folk, blues, bluegrass, and country guitar playing in the United States. TheÂ acoustic bass guitarÂ is a low-pitched instrument that is one octave below a regular guitar.
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